Basic facts about Lower Silesia
Lower Silesia (Polish: Dolny ÅšlÄ…sk; Czech: DolnÃ Slezsko, Latin: Silesia Inferior; German: Niederschlesien; Silesian German: NiederschlÃ¤sing; Silesian: Dolny ÅšlÅ¯nsk) is the northwestern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia; Upper Silesia is to the southeast.
Throughout its history Lower Silesia has been under the control of the medieval Kingdom of Poland, the Kingdom of Bohemia and the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy from 1526. In 1742 nearly all of the region was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia and became part of the German Empire in 1871, except for a small part which formed the southern part of the Lower Silesian Duchy of Nysa and had been incorporated into Austrian Silesia in 1742. After 1945 the main part of the former Prussian Province of Lower Silesia fell to the Republic of Poland, while a smaller part west of the Oder-Neisse line remained within East Germany
Some facts about Cracow
KrakÃ³w (Polish pronunciation: ?krakuf About this sound listen (help?info)), also Cracow or Krakow (US English /?kr??ka?/, UK English /?kr?ka?/),23 is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the Vistula River (Polish: WisÅ‚a) in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century.4 KrakÃ³w has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life and is one of Poland's most important economic hubs. It was the capital of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland from 1038 to 1569; the Polish?Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569 to 1596;5 the Free City of KrakÃ³w from 1815 to 1846; the Grand Duchy of Cracow from 1846 to 1918; and KrakÃ³w Voivodeship from the 14th century to 1998. It has been the capital of Lesser Poland Voivodeship since 1999.
The city has grown from a Stone Age settlement to Poland's second most important city. It began as a hamlet on Wawel Hill and was already being reported as a busy trading centre of Slavonic Europe in 965.4 With the establishment of new universities and cultural venues at the emergence of the Second Polish Republic in 1918 and throughout the 20th century, KrakÃ³w reaffirmed its role as a major national academic and artistic centre.
Why go to the Tatra Mountains?
Holiday in the Tatras is undoubtedly one of the favorites among the Poles ways to spend the holiday. From year to year, we can also observe an increasing number of people arriving in the highest mountains in Poland with other countries. I must admit that especially in summer or winter Tatry experiencing a real siege. It is worth noting that in these surroundings, enjoy the spring or autumn, because the charm of view, we can see here, surely delight every visitor. It is no wonder that so many people come to the Tatras every year. It does so not only great views and a large number of tourist attractions in this region, but also well prepared tourist base.